Get To Know Your Sewing Machine: Basic Parts and Functions

Are you new to operating a sewing machine and are still confused about the different parts and functions of each? If so, this article will help you in your need. Keep scrolling and expand your knowledge. 

Sewing Machine Parts and Functions

Power Switch Button

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Turns the machine on and off.

Hand Wheel

Allows the user turning the wheel to move the needle up and down by hand (moves when it turns).

Bobbin Winder

Built-in bobbin winders may be found on the top, front, or side of a sewing machine. Most winders consist of a bobbin pin to hold the bobbin while the thread is being wound, thread guides for maintaining tension, and a start/stop lever. Some bobbin winders have built-in thread cutters.

Spool Pin

Spool Pin|Get To Know Your Sewing Machine: Basic Parts and Functions|See More at: http://sewing.com/get-know-sewing-machine-basic-parts-functions/

Holds the upper thread spool.

Stitch Length Adjustment Knob

This control adjusts the length of each stitch by changing the amount of fabric the feed dog pulls through the machine.

Thread Guide

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Guides the upper thread from the spool pin to the needle.

Tension Control

Controls the tightness or looseness of the upper thread

Presser Foot

The presser foot works with the feed dog to move the fabric evenly through the machine. When the presser foot is lowered, it engages the tension discs and presses the fabric beneath the foot against the feed dog. The upper part of the foot, called the ankle, is usually screwed onto the machine securely; the lower part may include a quick-release mechanism for changing presser feet.

Stitch Selector Knob

Use the stitch selector to choose which stitch you’d like to use. Many machines feature a number of built-in stitches: straight stitch, zigzag, buttonhole, blind hem, etc.

Reverse Stitch Button

Causes the machine to stitch in reverse

Take Up Lever

The take-up lever is a metal finger with a thread guide that moves up and down, pulling the thread from the spool and feeding it through the machine.

Presser Foot Lifter

Presser Foot Lifter|Get To Know Your Sewing Machine: Basic Parts and Functions|See More at: http://sewing.com/get-know-sewing-machine-basic-parts-functions/

This lever, located above the presser foot at the back or side of the machine, raises and lowers the presser foot. When the presser foot is lifted, the tension discs are disengaged, and the fabric will not feed through the machine.

Needle Plate

Needle Plate|Get To Know Your Sewing Machine: Basic Parts and Functions|See More at: http://sewing.com/get-know-sewing-machine-basic-parts-functions/

A semi-circular disc with a hole to allow the needle to pass through it.

Needle Bar

This is a steel rod to hold the needle at one end with the help of a clamp. Its main function is to give motion to the needle.

Watch this video of needle bar adjustment:

Sewing Needle

Sewing Needle|Get To Know Your Sewing Machine: Basic Parts and Functions|See More at: http://sewing.com/get-know-sewing-machine-basic-parts-functions/

A needle used in sewing to pull thread through the cloth.

Do you now have a better understanding of your sewing machine? Let us know your thoughts in the comments below!

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